VI. Restrictions on GMOs in Foodstuffs
New Zealand currently imports more than fifty varieties of genetically modified food ingredients, including ingredients derived from GM crops such as corn and soybeans. In order to be sold in the country, each GM food or ingredient must be evaluated by Food Standards Australia New Zealand (FSANZ) and determined to be safe for consumption, then approved by the FSANZ Board and by all Australian and New Zealand ministers responsible for food regulation. A particular standard, Standard 1.5.2 – Food Produced Using Gene Technology, which is part of the Australian New Zealand Food Standards Code, contains the regulations for food containing GMOs and lists the ingredients that have been given approval.
Standard 1.5.2 also contains rules relating to the labeling of foods, ingredients, additives, or processing aids that contain novel DNA or protein, or where genetic modification has resulted in an altered characteristic in the food. These labeling requirements have been in place since 2001. Such products or ingredients must be labeled with the words “genetically modified” either next to the name of the food or in the ingredient list. Labeling is not required where “there is no more than 1% (per ingredient) of an approved GM food unintentionally present as an ingredient or processing aid in a non-GM food.” The requirements do not apply to food prepared in restaurants.
Animal feed containing genetically modified ingredients is not subject to the same labeling requirements, and meat and dairy products from animals fed such feed also does not need to be labeled under the food regulations.
 See GM Current Applications and Approvals, FSANZ,http://www.foodstandards.govt.
nz/consumer/gmfood/ applications/pages/default. aspx (last updated Sept. 2013).
 For general information on the rules and requirements, see Genetically Modified Food – Overview, MPI,http://www.foodsmart.govt.
nz/whats-in-our-food/ genetically-modifed-food/ overview/ (last visited Oct. 25, 2013); Genetically Modified Food – Labelling & Safety – Questions and Answers, MPI,http://www.foodsmart.govt. nz/ whats-in-our-food/genetically- modifed-food/labelling/ questions-answers.htm; MPI, Genetically Modified Food and Ingredients (updated Apr. 2013),http://www.foodsafety.govt.nz/ elibrary/industry/Genetically_ Modified-Expectations_ Importers.pdf.
 See Food Standards Code, FSANZ,http://www.
foodstandards.govt.nz/code/ Pages/default.aspx (last visited Oct. 25, 2013).
 See GM Food Labelling, FSANZ (Aug. 2013),http://www.
foodstandards.govt.nz/ consumer/gmfood/ labelling/Pages/default.aspx.
 GAIN Report: New Zealand Biotechnology Environment, supra note 3.
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